Dear B’nai Shalom members, families, and friends:
As you will be reading this shul bulletin, undoubtedly you will be entrenched in the myriad of chores and tasks we undertake to prepare fully and thoroughly for the upcoming Passover holiday.
As you well may know, there are no holidays as replete with symbols, traditions, rituals, and ceremonies as Passover, many of them taking place the first two nights at the Passover Seder.
It should not be a surprise to anyone that so many of our symbols are meant to activate and stimulate that part of our brain that controls the images we envision, the feelings that infiltrate our minds, and the emotions that run warmly and fondly throughout our nostalgic memories. Many families will hold dear the particular food smells, the sentimental sounds of identifiably Pesach melodies, the very specific nusach (traditional tune) of the Pesach Kiddush, and the joyful, family-friendly singing of the Dayenu, Chad Gadya, and Mah Nishtana. The Four Questions, the “Mah Nishtana,” in particular, has been known to bring joy, pride, contentment, and pleasure to countless Jewish families for generations and generations.
Pesach is known by four Hebrew names, each of which has a major role in the active celebration of the holiday. They are: Chag HaMatzot (the Holiday of Matzah); Chag Ha Pesach (the holiday of “Passing over),” Chag HaAviv (the Holiday of Springtime); and Zman Cheruteinu the time of our freedom).
The name Chag HaMatzot is well known and recalls the manner in which our ancestors, the B’nai Yisrael, the Children of Israel, needed to leave the bondage of the Land of Egypt in haste, without allowing the bread they were preparing for the journey to fully rise. This name is one of two for the holiday which is included in the Passover Kiddush and is easy to understand for its inclusion as one of the four names of this holiday.
Chag HaPesach, the holiday of “Passing Over” is the name which has gained the most popularity as the identification by which we typically refer to this holiday. The “passing over” refers to the exclusion of the Jewish homes during the Tenth Plague of Slaying of The First Born, during which, HaKadosh Baruch Hu, The Holy One, Blessed be he, “passed over our homes,” in slaying the firstborn sons of every Egyptian household, and sparing OUR firstborn sons.
The name Chag HaAviv, the Holiday of Springtime, has two meanings attached to it. The first is the simple understanding that Hashem took us out of Egypt in the Springtime – the perfect time for a nation of millions of men, women, and children, traveling by foot, wagon, cart, oxen, donkeys, and camels, to move slowly from the Egyptian desert towards Eretz Yisrael, in the most conducive and pleasant weather in which to make the arduous trek.
The heat of the summer would have been unbearable and the rains of the autumn and winter would have created an obstacle precariously dangerous to the wellbeing of B’nai Yisrael in their travels. This underscores the kindness and compassion as well as the love and devotion HaKadosh Baruch had, and continues to have for us, His Chosen People.
The Holiday of Springtime also connotes the time of year in which all living things are brought back to life after hibernation and a more covert existence during the winter months. Plants and all vegetation bloom and grow as all living creatures are born and assigned their appropriate place in the animal kingdom. We too, the B’nai Yisrael, the Children of Israel, were born and brought into this world, as we emerged from Egypt as a new and vibrant civilization of people. We went down to Egypt as a family, as a clan, few in number, and grew and multiplied while sojourning in Egypt and then becoming slaves to the Pharaoh of the land. However, we came forth with G-d’s Mighty Hand and Outstretched Arm, to become a new and magnificent new nation, G-d’s people, G-d’s nation.
The fourth of the four names for the holiday: Zman Cheruteinu, literally means “The Time of Our Freedom,” and is the second name of the holiday included in the Pesach Kiddush. We could not function as a newly-born, newly-freed people, working hard to fulfill the will of our G-d, if not for the freedom in which to make those efforts to achieve compliance with all expected from us from Almighty G-d.
During our own Passover Seder services and ceremonies, may we create sounds, aromas, tunes, sights, and memorable images for our children, grandchildren, families, friends, and may Pesach continue to be the hugely-celebrated festival that it has continued to be for thousands of years.
Chag Kasher v’Sameach,
Rabbi Dr. Yaacov Dvorin